A Short Glimpse to the Urban Development of Tabriz during the History

Main Article Content

NARMIN BABAZADEH ASBAGH, Ph.D. Candidate.,
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3392-1386

Abstract

Locating on North West of Iran, Tabriz, the capital of East Azerbaijan Province, is one of the important metropolises of the country. The foundation of this historic city dated back to 1500 B.C. but due to the severe earthquakes, few historic buildings remained from ancient eras. In 2012, Tabriz was selected as the most beautiful city of Iran, and it is nominated as the tourism capital of Islamic countries in 2018. Tabriz used to be the capital of Iran during different dynasties like Ilkhanid, Kara Koyunlu, Ak Koyunlu, and Safavid; it was the residence of the royal family and crown prince during the Qajar Dynasty period. Tabriz is famous as “the city of the firsts”; and the Historic Bazaar Complex of Tabriz is the biggest roofed bazaar in the world, inscribed as a World Heritage Site in 2010. Tabriz experiences the phenomenon of rapid urban growth causing the formation of slum settlements in the border zones of the city. This paper will briefly discuss the urban development of Tabriz during the history. The method used in this theoretical paper is based on literature review. The aim of this paper is to improve the knowledge about the urban development of Tabriz.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
ASBAGH, N. (2018). A Short Glimpse to the Urban Development of Tabriz during the History. International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 3(2), 73-83. Retrieved from http://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua/article/view/113
Section
Articles
Author Biography

NARMIN BABAZADEH ASBAGH, Ph.D. Candidate.,, Faculty of Architecture, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, Via Mersin 10, Turkey

Narmin Babazadeh Asbagh
Ph.D. Candidate
Eastern Mediterranean University,
Faculty of Architecture, Department of Architecture,
Gazimağusa, North Cyprus, Mersin 10 Turkey.
Email: n.babazadeh.nba@gmail.com, narmin.babazadeh@emu.edu.tr
ORCID ID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3392-1386

References

Abizadeh, S., & Zali, N. (2013). Analyzing Urban Green Space Function Emphasizing Green Space Features in District 2 of Tabriz Metropolis in Iran. Anuario do Instituto de Geociencias, 36(1). 119-127. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11137/2013_1_119_127

Azimi, N. (1996). Recent Urban Growth and Change in the Spatial Structure of Iranian Cities: The Case of Tabriz (1966-1991). University of Ottawa (Canada). 64, 70 & 215. http://dx.doi.org/10.20381/ruor-7836

Bonyadof, Z. (1978). Atabakan Azerbaijan Court. Baku. https://courts.gov.az/en/1bakueconomic

Brion, M. (1983). تیمور لنگ فاتح [Tamer Lane the Conqueror]. Translated by Mansouri, zabih-ollah, Tehran: Ketabkhane Mostofi Publication. https://www.ketabrah.ir/%DA%A9%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%AA%DB%8C%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B1-%D9%84%D9%86%DA%AF-%D8%A2%D8%AE%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%81%D8%A7%D8%AA%D8%AD-%D8%A8%D8%B2%D8%B1%DA%AF-%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%86/book/17529

Chandler, T. (1987). Four Thousand Years of Urban Growth: An Historical Census. Lewiston, NY: St. David's University Press. 358. http://pdfilgodor.com/four-thousand-years-of-urban-growth-an-historical-census-categories-to-find-your-favorite-literature-genres.pdf

Chardin, J. (1956)سفرنامه شاردن . [Chardin Itinerary]. Translated by Abbasi. Tehran: Amirkabir Publications, Vol. II. http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/chardin-sir-john

Chase-Dunn, C., Willard, C., & Willard, A. (1994). Cities in the Central Political/Military Network since CE 1200: Size Hierarchy and Domination. Comparative Civilizations Review, 30(30), 13. 104-132. https://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/ccr/vol30/iss30/13

Ebne Batooteh. (1958). سفرنامه ابن بطوطه [Ebne Batooteh Itinerary]. Translated by Movahhed, A, M. Tehran: Book Translation and Publication House. 254. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/517598.The_Travels_of_Ibn_Battutah

Ebne Hooghal. (1966) صوره الارض. [The Image of Earth]. Translated by Shoar, J. Tehran: Iran Culture Foundation. http://m-hosseini.ir/islam/articles-5/402.pdf

Ebn-e-Maskuye, Ali-ebne Mohammad-ebne Alasir, Ezzeddin Abol-hassan Beirut. (1966). الکامل فی التاریخ [The Completeness in History]. Vol.8. 68 & 92. https://www.noorlib.ir/View/fa/Book/BookView/Image/14067

Edwards, A. C. (1953). The Persian Carpet. Translated by M. Saba, Tehran: Bita Publications. ISBN-10: 1468313681. ISBN-13: 978-1468313680. https://www.amazon.com/Persian-Carpet-Cecil-Edwards/dp/1468313681

Estakhri, A. I. (1968). مسالک الممالک [Passways of Kingdoms]. Translated by Afshar, I. Tehran: Book Translation and Publication House. http://d-lib.atu.ac.ir/site/catalogue/9619

Etemad-olsaltaneh, M. H. (1878). مرات البلدان ناصری [Time of Naseri Countries]. Tehran, 341 & 362. https://ketabnak.com/book/57124/%D9%85%D8%B1%D8%A2%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A8%D9%84%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AC%D9%84%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84

Executive Summary, Tabriz Historical Bazaar Complex. (2009). UNESCO, World Heritage Convention, Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts, and Tourism Organization. Tehran. https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1346

Hamadani, R. F. (710). جامع التواریخ [Collector of Histories]. Tehran, Vol. 3. https://hawzah.net/fa/Article/View/81382/%D8%B2%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%D8%A8%DB%8C%D8%A7%D9%86-%C2%AB%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A7%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%AE-%D8%B1%D8%B4%DB%8C%D8%AF%DB%8C-%C2%BB-

Hamadani, R.F. (1945). مخابرات رشیدی [Rashidi Intelligence]. Edited by Shafie, M. and Abarqoohi, M. Lahore. https://www.rouydad24.ir/fa/news/84838/%D8%AB%D8%A8%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D8%AB%D8%B1-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%AE%D8%B4%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%A8%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%81%D8%B8%D9%87-%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%DB%8C%D9%88%D9%86%D8%B3%DA%A9%D9%88

Hezhabr Nobari, A. (1999–2000). Archive of ICHHTO Archeological Excavations around Blue Mosque. http://ensani.ir/file/download/article/20101109125226-%D9%BE%DB%8C%D8%B4%D9%86%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%AA%DB%8C%20%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%87%20%DB%8C%20%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B4%20%DA%A9%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B4%20%D8%AF%D8%B1%20%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86%20%D9%87%D8%A7%20%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B3%20%DA%A9%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B4%20%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C%20%D9%82%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86%20%D8%B9%D8%B5%D8%B1%20%D8%A2%D9%87%D9%86%20%D9%85%D8%B3%D8%AC%D8%AF%20%DA%A9%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%AF%20%D8%AA%D8%A8%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B2%20%D9%88%20%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B1%DB%8C.pdf

Jafarpour Nasser, S. (2011). مبانی خیرخواهانه مسلمان به عنوان هسته های شهری در توسعه پایدار شهرهای ایلخانی: مطالعه موردی تبریز [Muslim Pious Foundations as Urban Nucleuses during the Sustainable Development of Ilkhanid Cities: a Case Study of Tabriz]. 5th SAS Tech 2011, Khavaran Higher-Education Institute. Mashhad: Iran. https://www.symposia.ir/ConferenceOrganizer/%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B3%D8%B3%D9%87+%D8%A2%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B2%D8%B4+%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%8A+%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86

Jahn, K. (1971). Doğu ile Batı Arasında Bir Ortaçağ Kültür Merkezi-Tebriz [A Medieval Culture Center Between East and West-Tabriz]. İslam Tetkikleri Dergisi, 4. 29-34. http://dergiler.ankara.edu.tr/dergiler/18/20/43.pdf

Kasravi, A. (1956). شهریاران گمنام [Anonymous Kings]. Tehran, Vol. 2. https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/4955824 and https://ketabnak.com/book/84492/%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%DA%AF%D9%85%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85

Kheyroddin, R., Imani, J., & Forouhar, A. (2013). Consequence Analysis of Spatial Evolution Management in Tabriz Metropolis; “Urban Expanding & Inner City Degradation (1986-2011)”. http://www.asrdlf2013.org/IMG/pdf/C_-_Kheyroddin_-_Consequence_Analysis_of_Spatial_Evolution_in_Tabriz_Metropolis_Urban_expanding_Inner_City_Degradation_1986-2011_.pdf

Moghaddasi, T. (1982). احسن التقاسیم فی معرفه الاقالیم [The Best Adjustments in Knowing the Regions]. Translated by Monzavi, A. Tehran, Iran, Translators and Compilers Co. Vol. II. http://mtif.org/book/3352/%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%B3%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%B3%DB%8C%D9%85-%D9%81%DB%8C-%D9%85%D8%B9%D8%B1%D9%81%D8%A9-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%85

Monshi, T. S. (2003).تاریخ عالم آرای عباسی [The History of the World of Abbasi]. Tehran. The Amir Kabir University. http://opac.nlai.ir/opac-prod/search/briefListSearch.do?command=FULL_VIEW&id=657335&pageStatus=1&sortKeyValue1=sortkey_title&sortKeyValue2=sortkey_author

Moosavi, M. (2011). An Introduction to Environmental Challenges of Life in Slum Settlements of Tabriz. In 2011 2nd International Conference on Humanities, Historical and Social Sciences. 106-110. http://www.ipedr.com/vol17/19-CHHSS%202011-H00063.pdf

Morris, J. (2002). تاریخ شکل شهر تا انقلاب صنعتی [History of City’s Formation up to Industrial Revolution]. Translated by Razieh Rezazadeh. V.2. Tehran: Fajr Tose Consulting Engineers Publication (Jahad University of Science & Industry). https://www.adinehbook.com/gp/product/9644544765

Mostofi, H. (1957). نزهة القلوب [The Walk of Hearts]. Edited by Siyaghi, D. Tehran. https://www.noorlib.ir/View/fa/Book/BookView/Image/6783

Sardarinia, S. (2008). تبريز، شهر اولين ها [Tabriz, the City of the Firsts]. Tabriz: Akhtar Publish. http://www.tabnakazarsharghi.ir/fa/news/32728/%D8%AA%D8%A8%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B2-%D8%B4%D9%87%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D9%88%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%86-%D9%87%D8%A7

Sotoudeh, M. (1983). حدود العالم [The Limits of the World]. Tehran: Tahouri Publication. https://ketabnak.com/book/78541/%D8%AD%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%AF-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85-%D9%85%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%82-%D8%A7%D9%84%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D8%BA%D8%B1%D8%A8

Tabrizi, H. H. K. (2004). الجنان و جنات الجنان رضات [Gardens of Heavens and Paradises of Heavens]. Sotude Publications, Vol. 1. https://www.gisoom.com/book/1279807/%DA%A9%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%A8-%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B6%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%D8%AC%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AC%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AC%D9%84%D8%AF-1/

Taheri, A. (1968). جغرافیایی تاریخی گیلان، مازندران، آذربایجان از نظر جهانگردان [Historical Geography of Gilan, Mazandaran, Azerbaijan In terms of Tourists]. Tehran. 76-77. https://ketabnak.com/book/37213/%D8%AC%D8%BA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%81%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%AE%DB%8C-%DA%AF%DB%8C%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%86%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%D8%A2%D8%B0%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%B1-%D8%AC%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%86%DA%AF%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86

Tapper, R. (1974). Shahsevan in Safavid Persia. Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 37(2), 321-354. https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/612582.pdf

Tavernie, B. J. (1957). تاورنیه سفرنامه [Taverniye Itinerary]. Translated by Noori, A. Edited by Shirani, H. Isfahan: Taeid Publications. https://ketabnak.com/book/78003/%D8%B3%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%87-%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%87

UNESCO. (2009). Executive Summary, Tabriz Historical Bazaar Complex. World Heritage Convention, Nomination of Properties for Inclusion on the World Heritage List. Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization. Tehran. http://whc.unesco.org/uploads/nominations/1346.pdf

Vahram, M. (1970). جغرافیای تاریخی و آثار باستانی تبریز [Historical Geography and Ancient Buildings of Tabriz]. Historical Research Magazine, No. 4. https://ketabnak.com/book/76600/%D8%AC%D8%BA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%81%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%A7%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%AE%DB%8C-%D9%88-%D8%A2%D8%AB%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%A8%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%B2

Woods, J. E., & Tucker, E. (2006). History and Historiography of Post-Mongol Central Asia and the Middle East: Studies in Honor of John E. Woods. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. 530. https://books.google.com.cy/books?hl=en&lr=&id=4D9pO_4j9-4C&oi=fnd&pg=PR9&dq=Wood,+J.+E.+and+Tucker,+E.+(2006).+History+and+Historiography+of+Post-Mongol+Central+Asia+and+the+Middle+East,+Otto+Harrassowitz+Gmbh+%26+Co+and+KG+Weisbaden,+530.&ots=X0rNS72lTv&sig=mYO3Ga6pznB_cByqkPt6qqO66Wg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false

Yaqubi. (2015). عجایب الدنیا [Wonders of the World]. Vol. II, 156, 164, 199 & 200. https://www.alarabimag.com/books/18703-%D8%B9%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%A6%D8%A8-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%AF%D9%86%D9%8A%D8%A7.html

Zoka, Y. (1980). زمین لرزه های تبریز [The Earthquakes of Tabriz]. Tabriz: Kavian Press. http://www.vojoudi.com/earthquake/cities/tabriz_01.htm

سرشماری جمهوری اسلامی ایران (2006) [Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran]. The Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 11/11/2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110920084534/http://www.amar.org.ir/DesktopModules/FTPManager/upload/upload2360/newjkh/newjkh/23.xls

جغرافیای آذربایجان شرقی (2000) [East Azerbaijan Geography]. Editorial Board. Iranian Ministry of Education. Archived from the original on 10/01/2012. https://ketabnak.com/book/77275/%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%87%D9%86%DA%AF-%D8%AC%D8%BA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%81%DB%8C%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A2%D8%B0%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%82%DB%8C

نتایج سرشماری ملی (2007) [Results of National Census]. Statistical Center of Iran. Retrieved 11/02/2013. http://azerbaijanstudiescenter.org/ArticleView.aspx?aid=25&gid=