Residents’ Social Interactions in Market Square and Its Impact on Community Well-Being

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Oluwagbemiga Paul Agboola
Mohd Hisyam Rasidi
Solomon Dyachia Zakka
Ismail Bin Said
Abdul Wahab Shuaibu


this study aims ameliorating the associated challenges emanated from the ineffective  planning, management and design of market square as well as appraisal of the interactions among people of diverse ethnicity. Hence, the study explores users' interactions and activities within three markets square in rural neighborhoods of South_west, Nigeria. The significant relationship between resident's  interactions and the community well_being was explored. Consequently, this study highlights the influence of market square as a typical neighborhood open space on residents' well_being. The study's quantitative approach encircled the purposive structured survey questionnaire data obtained from Yorubas, Hausas and Ibos respondents (n=328); and analyzed by SPSS statistical package (version 22). Meanwhile, the qualitative data included observation of various activities pattern among the three ethnic groups. The study's findings revealed that an improvement in market square quality becomes necessary in order to increase residents' interactions and well_being. Also, the study elucidates the appropriate link between the built environment, residents' interactions, and well_being. It is concluded that residents' well_being  is a reflection of an experience manifested within the interplay of individuals and groups' social interactions. This study of people and place relationships could better equip the professionals in built environment on the importance of creating a sustainable open space towards improving residents' well_being and rural community revitalization efforts.

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Paul Agboola, O., Hisyam Rasidi, M., Dyachia Zakka, S., Bin Said, I., & Wahab Shuaibu, A. (2017). Residents’ Social Interactions in Market Square and Its Impact on Community Well-Being. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 2(2), 24-32. Retrieved from