Urban Sprawl Negative Impact: Enkomi Return Phase

Main Article Content

KAMYAR FULADLU, PhD candidate.


Most of the cities around the world are dealing with different kinds of the problems such as social, environmental, economic and others. However, for many years, urban planners have attempted to find solutions that fit within the context and have put them into practice in order to shape the form of a city accordingly. One of the controversial problems which most of the developing and developed countries deal with it is urban sprawl, which affects everything and everyone in different scales. For last three decades, even in case of T.R.N. Cyprus, urban sprawl has become inevitable; urban sprawl is recognizable, sprawl construction becomes a profitable business for construction, real-estate, and others involved in this business. Unfortunately, some communities to realize their vision welcomed to urban sprawl construction and enthusiastically embrace it with open arm, such communities sacrifice sociability opportunity and vibrant neighborhood to those single-use towns which is one of the main characteristics is social exclusion and psychological problems, fundamentally one of the key factors can be found in lack of public awareness especially for who prefer to live in sprawl town. In T.R.N. Cyprus urban sprawl didn’t promote auto-dependency. Despite urban sprawl in T.R.N. Cyprus have many repercussions, one of the important impacts which are considered in this articles are psychological impact of urban sprawl, also this article attempt to divide urban sprawl leaving condition into three phases, and promote the contemplate phase which makes sprawl inhabitants think and return to inner-city neighborhood again.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
FULADLU, K. (2018). Urban Sprawl Negative Impact: Enkomi Return Phase. International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 3(1), 44-51. Retrieved from http://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua/article/view/57


Alcock, I., White, M., Wheeler, B., Fleming, L., & Depledge, M. (2014). Longitudinal effects on mental health of moving to greener and less green urban areas. Environmental science & technology, 48(2), 1247-1255. Doi:10.1021/es403688w

Bhatta, B. (2010). Analysis of urban growth and sprawl from remote sensing data (1st ed.). Heidelberg: Springer.

Brueckner, J. (2001). Urban Sprawl: Lessons from Urban Economics. Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs, 2001(1), 65-97. Doi:10.1353/urb.2001.0003

Bruegmann, R. (2005). Sprawl: a compact histor (1st ed.). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Burchell, R., Downs, A., McCann, B., & Mukherji, S. (2005). Sprawl costs: economic impacts of unchecked development. Washington: Island Press.

Chakravarty, S., & Fonseca, M. (2014). The effect of social fragmentation on public good provision: an experimental study. Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics, 53, 1-9. doi:10.1016/j.socec.2014.07.002

Daneshpour, A., & Shakibamanesh, A. (2011). Compact city; dose it create an obligatory context for urban sustainability? International Journal of Architectural Engineering & Urban Planning, 21(2), 110-118. Retrieved February 11, 2015, from http://ijaup.iust.ac.ir/article-1-116-en.html

Ewing, R. (1997). Is Los Angeles-Style Sprawl Desirable? Journal of the American Planning Association, 63(1), 107-126. Doi:10.1080/01944369708975728

Frumkin, H., Frank, L. D., & Jackson, R. (2004). Urban sprawl and public health: Designing, Planning, and Building for Healthy Communities (1st ed.). Washington, DC: Island Press.

Gertler, M. (2004). Creative cities: What are they for, how do they work, and how do we build them? Ottawa: Canadian Policy Research Networks Inc. (CPRN) . Retrieved February 03, 2015, from http://rcrpp.org/documents/31348_en.pdf

Iram, A., Rasool, L., Shahzad, F., & Saeed, Y. (2012). Impact of Urban Sprawl on Public Health: An Analysis of Lahore - Pakistan. World Applied Sciences Journal, 20(1), 80-86. doi:10.5829/idosi.wasj.2012.20.01.2806

Latkin, C., & Curry, A. (2003). Stressful Neighborhoods and Depression: A Prospective Study of the Impact of Neighborhood Disorder. Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 44(1), 34-44. Doi:10.2307/1519814

Manderscheid, R., Ryff, C., Freeman, E., McKnight-Eily, L., Dhingra, S., & Strine, T. (2010). Evolving Definitions of Mental Illness and Wellness. Preventing chronic disease, 7(1), 1-6. Retrieved February 10, 2015, from http://www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2010/jan/09_0124.htm

Morgan, C., Burns, T., Fitzpatrick, R., Pinfold, V., & Priebe, S. (2007). Social exclusion and mental health: Conceptual and methodological review. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 191(6), 477-483. Doi:10.1192/bjp.bp.106.034942

Ontario College of Family Physicians. (2005). The Health Impacts of Urban Sprawl Information Series: Social & Mental Health Volume 4. Ontario: Ontario College of Family Physicians. Retrieved February 03, 2015, from http://ocfp.on.ca/docs/committee-documents/urban-sprawl---volume-4---social-and-mental-health.pdf

Power, A. (2001). Social Exclusion and Urban Sprawl: Is the Rescue of Cities Possible? Regional Studies, 35(8), 731-742. Doi:10.1080/00343400120084713

Schmidt, C. (2004). Sprawl: The New Manifest Destiny? Environ Health Perspect, 112(11), A620–A627. Doi:10.1289/ehp.112-a620

Soule, D. (2006). Urban sprawl: A Comprehensive Reference Guide (1st ed.). Westport, Conn.: Greenwood Press.

Statistical Service. (2010). Short Distance Passenger Mobility Survey. Nicosia: The Republic of Cyprus. Retrieved July 23, 2017, from: http://www.cystat.gov.cy/mof/cystat/statistics.nsf/All/6848AD4254CE09B0C2257781002774D8/$file/PASSENGER_MOBILITY_SURVEY09-120810.pdf