Keeping the Pulse of Heritage Awareness in Ankara: Two Historic Sites, Two Interventions

Main Article Content

Ece Kumkale Açıkgöz


How heritage is preserved and transmitted to future is heavily dependent on the responsible awareness of its local society. Transformations in a historic urban landscape (HUL) are intervening into its collective memory, affecting its social sustainability and resilience. This paper considers two of these cases from the historic district of Ankara, namely Hacıbayram Square and Hergelen Square, to see whether the demographic changes in the society has a similar consequence on the public awareness of the historicity and heritage values of their sites. The first case, which is a cult site of heritage, history, and religion, was previously studied. This paper explains the study for the second case, Hergelen (İtfaiye) Square with a more recent historical significance, and interprets the outcomes of the two studies tieh their differing and common aspects. Hergelen Square has been exposed to a series of demolitions, two of which are the foci of this work: the Bank of Municipalities building, a heritage monument from the early republican era of Turkey, and Otto Herbert Hajek’s sculpture. The questionnaire outcomes of both independent surveys demonstrated that as the educational level of the participants decreased the admiration for the transformative interventions increased. However, being identified with different priorities and functions, the case of Hergelen Square, when considered with its past and former intervertions that it has been exhausted to, implicated further insights about the problem of integrity of the HUL of Ankara


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Açıkgöz, E. K. (2018). Keeping the Pulse of Heritage Awareness in Ankara: Two Historic Sites, Two Interventions. International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 3(2), 63-72. Retrieved from


Acar, M., Koçer, Ç., & İmamoğlu, B. (2017). Urban regeneration or degeneration? Demolishment of İller Bankası building as a representation of cultural heritage. Urbanistica Informazioni, 272, 334-338.
Alpan, A. & Açıkgöz, E. K. (2017) “Multi-cultural Perception of the Cult Site of Hacı Bayram in Historic Center of Ankara” in the proceedings of the International Congress on “Preserving Transcultural Heritage: Your way or my way?” (05-08 July 2017, Lisbon, Portugal).
Aslanoğlu, İnci. 1986. “Evaluation of Architectural Developments in Turkey within the SocioEconomic and Cultural Framework of the 1923-38 Period”, METU Journal of the Faculty of Architecture, 7(2), 15-41.
Atay, O., 1984, Tutunamayanlar, İstanbul: İletişim.
Bademli, R. (1993). Hergelen Meydanı, Ankara Söyleşileri. Ankara: TMMOB Mimarlar Odası Yayınları, 7-11.
Bandarin, F., & Van Oers, R. (2012). The historic urban landscape: managing heritage in an urban century. John Wiley & Sons.
Cengizkan, N. M., 2015, “Moderne Yönelik Yeni Bir Yıkım Tehdidi Daha: Seyfi Arkan’ın İller Bankası Binası” Mimarlık, 381.
Gülsoy, M. (2009). 602. Gece: Kendini Fark Eden Hikâye. İstanbul: Can.
Harvey, D. C. (2001) Heritage Pasts and Heritage Presents: Temporality, meaning and the scope of heritage studies, International Journal of Heritage Studies, 7(4), 319-338.
Mydland, L., & Grahn, W. (2012). Identifying heritage values in local communities. International Journal of Heritage Studies, 18(6), 564-587.
Ripp, M., & Rodwell, D. (2016). The governance of urban heritage. The Historic Environment: Policy & Practice, 7(1), 81-108.
Sözen, M. (1984). Cumhuriyet dönemi Türk mimarlığı, 1923-1983 (No. 246). Türkiye İş Bankası Kültür Yayınları.
Taylor, K. (2016). The Historic Urban Landscape paradigm and cities as cultural landscapes. Challenging orthodoxy in urban conservation. Landscape Research, 41(4), 471-480.
Turner, M., & Tomer, T. (2013). Community participation and the tangible and intangible values of urban heritage. Heritage & Society, 6(2), 185-198.
Van Oers, R. (2010). Managing cities and the historic urban landscape initiative–an introduction. Managing Historic Cities, 7-17.
Yılmaz, B. 2006. “Bozkırdaki Cennet: Gençlik Parkı”, İstanbul: İletişim, 211-236.
Zeayter, H., & Mansour, A. M. H. (2017). Heritage conservation ideologies analysis–Historic urban Landscape approach for a Mediterranean historic city case study. HBRC Journal, Elsevier.