Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs <h1>journal of Contemporary&nbsp;Urban Affairs</h1> <hr> <p><em>The journal of contemporary urban affairs (JCUA)&nbsp;</em>is the interdisciplinary academic, refereed journal which publishes two times a year by&nbsp;<a href="">Anglo-American Publications LLC</a>. The journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA) brings together all the theories, manifestoes and methodologies on contemporary urban spaces to raise the understanding for the future of urban planning. Overall, the journal of contemporary urban affairs aimed to establish a bridge between theory and practice in the built environment. Thus, it reports on the latest research findings and innovative approaches, methodologies for creating, assessing, and understanding of contemporary built environments.</p> <p>JCUA distinguishes itself by providing an international and interdisciplinary platform for the exchange of ideas and information among architects, urban planners, policy makers and urbanists to focus on seven main concern of this journal which are Housing studies, Emerging cities, urban ecology, Infra Habitation, Revitalization strategies, conflict, divided territories and overall contemporary urban issues about mentioned concerns. &nbsp;Submissions of empirical, comparative, theoretical research, critical review and manifestoes for the future of cities from different scholarly disciplines and methodological perspectives are encouraged.</p> Anglo-American Publications LLC en-US Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs 2475-6156 Evaluation of the Sustainable Aspects In Housing Sector To Overcome Housing Stress In Northern Iraq <p>Northern Iraq as part of Iraq, has been witnessed a great population increment last few decades. However, housing stress in Northern Iraq has risen due to that. Environmental, economic and social sustainability became crucial in the movement towards a more effective built environment and community nowadays. This research seeks to evaluate the presence of sustainability aspects (environmental, economic, and social) in housing sector, which makes them acquired and affordable for low income earners in Northern Iraq. &nbsp;Housing projects as case studies were investigated in Erbil, the capital of Northern Iraq. The research examined, the presence of sustainability aspects. Field observations checklist have been prepared based on the theoretical analysis through literature review and applied to collect data on the case studies. The results demonstrated that applying the aspects of sustainability for the buildings is weak and not clearly familiar in Northern Iraq. The study concluded that, the housing projects focusing on the case studies not sustainable. The findings show that the application of sustainable principles in the housing projects at Northern Iraq is very weak. It is highly recommended to achieve sustainability, because it is the significant way to produce acquired and affordable housing and overcome the housing problems, socially, environmentally and economically. The recommendations have been suggested to formulate new ways for implementing sustainable principles in the housing sector to overcome housing stress in Northern Iraq.</p> Rahel Mohammed Amin Salar Salah Muhy Al-Din ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-30 2018-06-30 3 1 67 81 Environmental Regulations and Rules: United Nations Perspective and the Nigeria Experience <p>This research reviewed the Nigeria’s environmental laws within the context of Agenda 21 at the three levels of water, forest degradation and solid waste management with the intent of evaluating the importance of Agenda 21 on environmental sustainability in the country.&nbsp; Furthermore, the study examined the Nigeria’s environmental laws to determine its effectiveness. In this way, the study provided information on the effectiveness and extent of United Nations interventions on environmental issues in Nigeria thereby revealing the gap between such interventions and actual environmental challenges of the country.&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Olugbenga Stephen Fashuyi ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-23 2018-06-23 3 1 62 66 The Economic Diversification and the Urban Image; Changing the Narrative on Street Vending. <p>Street vending is a dynamic phenomenon of network of events, socio-economic and cultural factors while remaining a narration of place. At the metropolitan level, the narrative is negatively skewed towards street vending and its aesthetic reality, contemporaneously exploring hostile environmental interventions within the informal sector. This paper attempted to explore a counter-narrative asking; based on aesthetic experience, can the “desired” urban image be achieved by allowing street vendors proliferate in public spaces? This question was asked within the scope of the political-economy of diversification in Nigeria. Mapping over google satellite images over critical periods leading to demolitions and/or developments, this paper documented the spatial distribution of vendors to determine the urban centres that are hostile to vending activities and those that were not. The paper argued that, around public spaces such as parks and sidewalks, the precarious nature of vending activities lead to their diffidence in upgrades to stalls, tables and kiosks. With pictures from spaces that appear to approve of street vending tacitly, a pattern of upgrades in vending apparatus and kiosks were established. This paper proposes an integrative model of passive, active and tacit support that is required to influence the discourse of vending activities within the context of urban images produced in Nigerian. In conclusion and using sing Gouverneur (2014) concepts of receptors and transformers, this paper revealed that potential existing parks within a dense urban area could serve as transformers, creating an urban image that defies that “out of place” narrative associated with vendors.</p> <p><strong>Keyword:</strong> Public Space, Aesthetic Experience, Street Vending, Urban Design, Urban Environment.</p> Abdulsalam Ibrahim Shema ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-17 2018-06-17 3 1 52 61 Urban Sprawl Negative Impact: Enkomi Return Phase <p>Most of the cities around the world are dealing with different kinds of the problems such as social, environmental, economic and others. However for many years, urban planners have attempted to find solutions that fit within context and have put them into practice in order to shape the form of a city accordingly. One of the controversial problems which most of the developing and developed countries deal with it is urban sprawl, which is affects everything and everyone in different scales. For last three decades, even in case of northern Cyprus, urban sprawl has become inevitable; urban sprawl is recognizable, sprawl construction becomes a profitable business for construction, real-estate and others involved in this business. Unfortunately some communities to realized their vision welcomed to urban sprawl construction and enthusiastically embrace it with open arm, such communities sacrifice sociability opportunity and vibrant neighborhood to those single-use town which is one of the main characteristic is social exclusion and psychological problems, fundamentally one of the key factor can be found in lack of public awareness especially for who prefer to live in sprawl town. In northern Cyprus urban sprawl didn’t promote auto-dependency. Despite urban sprawl in northern Cyprus have many repercussions, one of the important impact which is consider in this article’s is psychological impact of urban sprawl, also this article attempt to divide urban sprawl leaving condition into three phases, and promote the contemplate phase which makes sprawl inhabitants to think and return to inner city neighborhood again.</p> Kamyar FULADLU ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-17 2018-06-17 3 1 44 51 The Role of Urban Density and Morphology in the Air Pollution of Tehran Metropolitan <p>Today, regard for the wellbeing of the group and the earth is on the plan of most nations on the planet, and one of its imperative viewpoints is the contamination of the air and figuring out how to diminish it. Without a doubt, a standout amongst the most vital ranges that assume an unequivocal part in decreasing or expanding this parameter is the city and urban morphology. Tehran, which is viewed as the capital and vital city of Iran, has experienced this issue for a long time, and there is no legitimate arrangement found to decrease its air contamination. Then again, the city has moved from different parts of the nation consistently that makes this issue harsher. The most vital issue in such manner is the city's range and in addition the city's extension, which decides the thickness of the city. The greater part of this must be joined by the wear and tear of a low standard, which includes a high level of contamination. The failure of the vast majority to purchase houses inside the city has made satellite towns nearby Tehran. Then again, the presence of tremendous local locations around Tehran and the area of workplaces in the downtown area are among alternate issues tended to in this investigation. This examination endeavored to utilize the explanatory expressive technique to think about the part of pressure and morphology of Tehran and its effect on air contamination and give answers for diminishing air contamination and movement.</p> Rouhollah Oshrieh Ehsan Valipour ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2018-06-17 2018-06-17 3 1 38 43