International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs http://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua <h2><strong>Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (IJCUA)</strong></h2> <p>ISSN 2475-6156 (Print) &nbsp; &nbsp; ISSN 2475-616 (Online)</p> <p><em>The International&nbsp; Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (IJCUA)&nbsp;</em>is the interdisciplinary academic, refereed journal which publishes two times a year by&nbsp;<a href="http://www.angloamericanpublications.ca" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Anglo-American Publications LLC</a>. IJCUA brings together all the theories, manifestoes and methodologies on contemporary urban spaces to raise the understanding for the future of urban planning. Overall, IJCUA aimed to establish a bridge between theory and practice in the built environment. Thus, it reports on the latest research findings and innovative approaches, methodologies for creating, assessing, and understanding of contemporary built environments.</p> Anglo-American Publications LLC en-US International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs 2475-6164 The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach http://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua/article/view/131 <p>This study aims to investigate the causal relationships between urbanization and economic growth for United State during the period 1960- 2017. We utilize the time series technique known as Toda-Yamamoto method, which efficiently works even with the variables co-integrated of an arbitrary order. Empirical findings suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from urbanization to economic growth, and no Granger causality detected from economic growth to urbanization for the long run. The findings prove that urbanization is nominated as a main driving force of economic growth.</p> ANDISHEH SALIMINEZHAD, Dr. PEJMAN BAHRAMIAN, Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 3 2 166 172 10.25034/ijcua.2018.47xd13 Study of Light Pollution in Urban Lighting in Nisantasi Example http://ijcua.com/index.php/ijcua/article/view/121 <p>To make urban identity forming components visible by making use of technologic improvements, and to make the city livable for everybody by enhancing aesthetic and charming attraction are becoming important for urban designers.Lighting is becoming an important factor to suit cities to livable places for livings in all comfort conditions. By the improvement of science and technology, to organize the life spaces of livings according to today’s comfort conditions are considered more and more important. Urban lighting is affecting both the lighting comfort and livings’ (humans, animal, and plants) health in many dimensions. The light used on unsuitable spot, unsuitable direction, unsuitable amount and unsuitable time is defined as light pollution.Within the scope of this study, national and international literature research related with urban lighting is done and basing criteria are identified. In the frame of these identified criteria, Nisantasi example is examined in the context of lighting pollution. Important streets and lanesand important historical and religious structures that gained a seat in public memory are identified. Designing criteria of the lighting tools existing in these identified areas and their suitability according to their spot are evaluated, and measuring their illuminance sufficiency, the issues which are detected as light pollution are stated.In conclusion, the studies done in our country are cited and the issues that are to be done to prevent light pollution are introduced as suggestion.</p> EVREN KORKMAZER, M.Sc. YASIN BEKTAS, M.Sc. MERVEBANU AYKANAT, M.Sc. SHARGIYAYA JEVEDZADE, M.Sc. GOKÇEN FIRDEVS YÜCEL CAYMAZ, Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## 2019-02-18 2019-02-18 3 2 8 15 10.25034/ijcua.2018.4696