International Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs <h2><strong>Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (IJCUA)</strong></h2> <p>ISSN 2475-6156 (Print) &nbsp; &nbsp; ISSN 2475-616 (Online)</p> <p><em>The International&nbsp; Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs (IJCUA)&nbsp;</em>is the interdisciplinary academic, refereed journal which publishes two times a year by&nbsp;<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Anglo-American Publications LLC</a>. IJCUA brings together all the theories, manifestoes and methodologies on contemporary urban spaces to raise the understanding for the future of urban planning. Overall, IJCUA aimed to establish a bridge between theory and practice in the built environment. Thus, it reports on the latest research findings and innovative approaches, methodologies for creating, assessing, and understanding of contemporary built environments.</p> en-US (Hourakhsh Ahmad Nia) (Batuhan Yildiz) Wed, 20 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Architecture and Human Rights <p><em>This article investigates on the concept of space, its production, use, and change processes, and uncovers the interrelations between social and spatical practices. Based on Lefebvre’s concept of the Right to the City, the article discussed two main spatial rights: the right to oeuvre and the right to appropriation. To justify these spatial rights on the ground of legal rights, a comparison method is used in this article and three main legal documents is set against each other. These documents are: the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the ‘World Charter for the Right to the City’ and the ‘European Declaration of Urban Rights’. As a result of this comparison 22 universal norms are identified. These norms and the awareness regarding them and their ethical and legal background can empower social / spatial activism and be used for performing and evaluating spatial practices. </em></p> Hossein Sadri, Assoc. prof. Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Wed, 01 May 2019 00:00:00 +0000 The causal relationship between urbanization and economic growth in US: Fresh evidence from the Toda–Yamamoto approach <p>This study aims to investigate the causal relationships between urbanization and economic growth for United State during the period 1960- 2017. We utilize the time series technique known as Toda-Yamamoto method, which efficiently works even with the variables co-integrated of an arbitrary order. Empirical findings suggest a unidirectional Granger causality running from urbanization to economic growth, and no Granger causality detected from economic growth to urbanization for the long run. The findings prove that urbanization is nominated as a main driving force of economic growth.</p> ANDISHEH SALIMINEZHAD, Dr., PEJMAN BAHRAMIAN, Dr. ##submission.copyrightStatement## Mon, 18 Feb 2019 00:00:00 +0000