Identity in Changing Context: Factors of losing Identity in new developed part of the city of Famagusta, North Cyprus

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2017.3644

Keywords:

Identity, Changing Context, Globalization, Urban sprawl

Abstract

Historical cities due to its magnificent building in its context have a tremendous influence on the formation of city identity, which is created through the interaction of natural, social and built elements. Unfortunately, modernization after the industrial revolution couldn’t adapt itself to the vernacular area, owing to the fact that cities began to lose their identity and sense of belonging to the environment. The new technology of construction lets the cities to expand itself outside, but in this transformation, some factors which have an influence on the identity of the city have been forgotten. In this research, it is aimed to analysis Physical and social factors which are causing the loss of identity in the city of Famagusta (Gazimagusa). Both qualitative and qualitative methods have been used in this research and the adopted techniques are personal observation, sketches, and comparing new development part of the city with the traditional part. The research will try to answer the question of why urban sprawl could not maintain the identity of the city of Gazimagusa?. This research revealed that Globalization by neglecting historical housing principles is the main factor which threatening the identity of the city.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

References

Brueckner, J.K. (2001). Urban sprawl: lessons from urban economics. In: Gale, W.G., Pack, J.R. (Eds.), Brookings-Wharton Papers on Urban Affairs 2001, Brookings Institution Press, Washington, DC.

Deng, F., & Huang, Y. (2004). Uneven land reform and urban sprawl in China: the case of Beijing. Progress in Planning, 61(3), 211–236. doi:10.1016/j.progress.2003.10.004

Ewing, R. (1997). Is Los Angeles-style sprawl desirable? Journal of American Planning Association 63, pp.107–126.

Eldemery,I.M,. (Winter, 2009). Globalization challenges in architecture. Journal of Architectural and Planning Research. 26(4).pp. 343-355.

Fasli, M. (2010). A Model for Sustaining City Identity: Case Study: Lefko?a (Nicosia) in North Cyprus. VDM Verlag Dr. Müller.

Fischel, W.A. (2001). The Homevoter Hypothesis: How Home Values Influence Local Government Taxation, School Finance, and Land-Use Policies. Harvard University Press, Cambridge.

Gordon, P., Richardson, H. (1997). Are compact cities a desirable planning goal? Journal of American Planning Association 63(2), pp. 95–149.

Jacobs, J. (1961). The Death and Life of Great American Cities. Random House: New York.

Kutsal, B. (April 2012) The Effects of the Changing of Urban Identity on Historic Towns. 1st International Conference on Architecture & Urban Design. Retrived from: www.icaud.epoka.edu.al.pp.255-265.

Moughtin, C., (1996). Urban Design: Green Dimensions. Butterworth Architecture: Oxford.

Oktay, D., (1996). Notes on Urban Design. Gazimagusa; EMU Press. 52-63.

Oktay, D. (July 2001). Urban Identity in the Changing Context of the City: The Case of Gazimagusa (Famagusta). Paper presented at the Proceedings of LIVENARCH 2001 / Liveable Environments and Architecture International Congress, Trabzon, Turkey. Retrieved from ftp://ftparch.emu.edu.tr/Courses/Udes/Udes501 (used on 20th December, 2016).26-35.

Oktay, D. (2002). The quest for urban identity in the changing context of the city: Northern Cyprus. Cities, 19(4), 261–271. Doi: 10.1016/S0264-2751(02)00023-9.

Oktay, D. (2006). “How can urban context maintain urban identity and sustainability?: Evaluations of Taormina (Sicily) and Kyrenia (North Cyprus)”, WEB JOURNAL ON CULTURAL PATRIMONY, Vol. 1, No. 2.

Önal, Ş., Dağli, U., & Doratli, N. (1999). The urban problems of Gazimagusa (Famagusta) and proposals for the future. Cities, 16(5), 333–351. Doi: 10.1016/S0264-2751(99)00031-1

Smith, D. A. (2001). Globalization and Social Problems. Social Problems, 48(4), pp.429–434. doi:10.1525/sp.2001.48.4.429

The definition of globalization. (n.d.). Dictionary.com. (Retrieved on December 30, 2012), from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/globalization

URL1, Municipality maps of walled city. (2016). Walled city. Walled city, Famagusta, Cyprus. Retrieved from;http://famagustawalledcity.org/01-Venetian-Fortifications-Land-Gate-and-Ravelin (used on 20th October, 2016).

URL2, Famagusta municipality. (2016). Population of Famagusta in 2006 retrieved from: http://www.magusa.org/English/population.htm. On 11 January 2016.

URL3, Google maps. (2016). Walled city and its lost spaces. Walled city, Famagusta, Cyprus. Retrieved from: https://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&q=famagusta+gazimagusa+map&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x14dfc842da4c163d:0x29db03c5a5d3ce87,Ammochostos&ei=heCQUK6wCITNswbQmoHYCQ&ved=0CDcQ8gEwAA. (Used on 20th October, 2016

Downloads

Published

2017-12-01

How to Cite

Nia, H. A., & Suleiman, Y. H. (2017). Identity in Changing Context: Factors of losing Identity in new developed part of the city of Famagusta, North Cyprus. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 1(2), 11–20. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2017.3644