The Spatial Transformation of the River Waterfront through Three Historical Periods: A Case Study of Belgrade

Authors

  • Branislava Simic, M.A. Research Associate at the Institute of Architecture and Urban & Spatial Planning of Serbia. Ph.D Candidate at the Faculty of Architecture, University of Belgrade, Bulevar Kralja Aleksandra 73, Serbia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9108-2678

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2020.v4n2-3

Keywords:

Waterfront, Coastal area, Urban Renewal, Belgrade, Danube

Abstract

Urban renewal of the coastal area has regained importance in recent years. The main problem with the city's coastal area is often the insufficient utilization of its potential. The paper analyzes the process of urbanization and treatment of the waterfront through three historical periods: 1. traditional city, 2. during Modernism and 3. contemporary urbanism. Belgrade is chosen as a case study because it is located on the banks of the two rivers the Sava and the Danube, and throughout history, rivers had a significant role in the urban development of the city. A polygon for the methodology of urban morphological research for this paper was the contrast between the Old Belgrade and traditional city core and the New Belgrade created on the principle of the modern movement in architecture. The paper aims to research the relationship between the city and the river waterfront by the method of compare spatial-temporal transformations and to reveal the positive and negative elements of each period of urbanization. The result of the analysis indicates a changed treatment of the river waterfront through the time - from the fortified city isolated from the river to the gradual descent of the city center near the coast.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

References

Bajić, T. and Basarić, J. (2014). Urbani razvoj i promene u korišćenju prostora priobalja: primer Beograda. Održivi prostorni razvoj Podunavlja u Srbiji - knjiga 2. Beograd: IAUS [Urban development and waterfront land use changes: the case of Belgrade], Sustainable spatial development of Danube area in Serbia - Book 2, Belgrade: IAUS, 235-250. ISBN 978-86-80329-79-6. Retrieved From: http://raumplan.iaus.ac.rs/handle/123456789/468

Blagojević, Lj. (2007). Novi Beograd: osporeni modernizam.[New Belgrade: Contested Modernism], Belgrade: Zavod za udžbenike. Retrieved From:

Grubbauer, M. and Čamprag, N. (2018). Urban megaprojects, nation-state politics and regulatory capitalism in Central and Eastern Europe: The Belgrade Waterfront project. Urban Studies. 004209801875766. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042098018757663

Lalović, K., Radosavljević, U. and Đukanović, Z. (2015). Reframing public interest in the implementation of large urban projects in Serbia: The case of Belgrade Waterfront Project. Facta Universitatis - series: Architecture and Civil Engineering, 13, 35-46. https://doi.org/10.2298/FUACE1501035L

Marshall, R. (ed.) (2001). Waterfronts in Post-Industrial Cities. New York: Routledge. http://files.eshkolot.ru/post-industrial.pdf

Mihajlov, S. (2011). Nastanak i razvoj industrijske zone na desnoj obali Dunava u Beogradu od kraja 19. do sredine 20. veka. [The emergence and development of the industrial zone on the right bank of the Danube in Belgrade from the end of 19th till middle of 20th century]. Nasleđe, 12, 91-116.

Monclus, J. (2018). Waterfronts and Riverfronts. Recovery of Urban Waterfronts. Urban Visions: From Planning Culture to Landscape Urbanism, pp.133-142. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59047-9_13.

Petrović Balubdžić, M. (2017). Creating the Belgrade waterfront identity through a prism of architecture and urban planning competitions. Spatium, 1. 74-81. https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT1737074P

Radosavljević, U. (2008). Conditions influencing waterfront development and urban actors capacity as a strategic response. Spatium, No 17-18, pp. 78-83. https://doi.org/10.2298/SPAT0818078R

Vukotić Lazar, M. and Roter-Blagojević, M. (2017). The 1923 Belgrade Master Plan – historic town modernization. Planning Perspectives, 33, 1-18.

https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/02665433.2017.1408485

Vuksanović-Macura, Z. (2015). Bara Venecija and Savamala: The railway and the city. Nasledje, 2015, 9-26. https://doi.org/10.5937/nasledje1516009V

Zeković, S., Maricić, T. and Vujošević, M. (2018). Megaprojects as an Instrument of Urban Planning and Development: Example of Belgrade Waterfront. Technologies forDevelopment, 153-164.https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91068-0_13

Downloads

Published

2020-12-01

How to Cite

Simic, B. (2020). The Spatial Transformation of the River Waterfront through Three Historical Periods: A Case Study of Belgrade. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 4(2), 27–36. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2020.v4n2-3