Monitoring and Landscape Quantification of Uncontrolled Urbanisation in Oasis Regions: The Case of Adrar City in Algeria

Authors

  • Dr. Assoule Dechaicha Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4320-8771
  • Assist. Prof. Adel Daikh Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria
  • Prof. Dr. Djamel Alkama Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2021.v5n2-5

Keywords:

Uncontrolled Urbanisation, Satellite Images, Landscape Metrics, Palm groves, Oasis Ecosystem

Abstract

Nowadays, uncontrolled urbanisation is one of the major problems facing Algerian oasis regions. The monitoring and evaluation of its landscape transformations remain a key step for any oasis sustainability project. This study highlights the evolution of spatial growth in the city of Adrar in southern Algeria during the period 1986-2016 by establishing a Spatio-temporal mapping and landscape quantification. The methodological approach is based on a multi-temporal analysis of Landsat satellite images for 1986, 1996, 2006 and 2016, and the application of landscape metrics. The results show two opposite spatial trends: significant growth of built-up areas against an excessive loss of palm groves. The landscape metrics allowed the identification of a progressive fragmentation process characterising the palm groves. Thus, the findings of this study show the utility of satellite imagery and landscape metrics approach for monitoring urbanisation patterns and assessing their impacts on oasis ecosystems.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

Author Biographies

Dr. Assoule Dechaicha, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria

Doctor Assoule Dechaicha is a researcher at the University 8 May 1945 Guelma (Algeria). He was a researcher attached to the Laboratory of Design and Modelling of Architectural and Urban Forms LACOMOFA at the University of Biskra. In addition to his university lecturer activity, he is currently deputy head of the department of architecture at the University of Guelma, in charge of post-graduation and scientific research since 2015. He was also head of an architectural design office (BEAU), which carried out several architectural and urban development projects during the period 2000 and 2015.

His field of research is mainly focused on the study of oasis cities in the South of Algeria, and the problematics related to the protection and promotion of oases. Several oasis cities have been the subject of publications: the largest cities of the Lower Sahara in the South (Biskra, Ouargla, and Touggourt), the Oasis of Bou-Saada in the Centre, and the Oasis of Adrar in South-West Algeria. The questions highlighted are related to architectural sustainability, urban landscape planning, oasis landscape, and urban remote sensing.

Assist. Prof. Adel Daikh, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria

Architect of formation with a bi-cursus (Algeria-France), my first professional mooring was made in the economic sector more particularly in the construction fields where I exerted as a technologist in architecture and construction on structuring projects in EPC, an experience which lasted one beautiful decade, after which I made my return in academic medium and the field of scientific research in 2016 at the conclusion of training in post-graduation concluded by the obtaining of the diploma of magister in 2015. Currently, I am working as an assistant and responsible for the team of the professionalizing course of "operational project management" in the Department of Architecture at the University of May 8, 1945, Guelma. At the same time, I am preparing my doctoral thesis in the science, urban planning field in the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, University Constantine 3.

Prof. Dr. Djamel Alkama, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria

DJAMEL ALKAMA, a Full Professor director of research., He is a professor in the Department of Architecture at 8 May 1945 University, Guelma, Algeria. He is also the Professor in charge of Masters and PhD projects in the same institution, Chairman of the doctoral training committee and Chairman of the department's scientific council. He holds a BSc. degree in Architecture from the Department of Architecture, Constantine University, Alegria. PhD degree in Architecture from the University of Biskra. His research interests lie in sustainable architecture, urbanism, thermal and climatic comfort, Architecture in the arid and semi-arid environment.

References

Ban, Y. (2016). Multitemporal remote sensing: current status, trends and challenges. In Y. Ban (Ed.), Multitemporal Remote Sensing Methods and Applications (pp. 1-18). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47037-5_1

Ban, Y., & Yousif, O. (2016). Change detection techniques: A review. In Multitemporal Remote Sensing Methods and Applications (pp. 19-43). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-47037-5_2

CNES. (2002). L’urbanisation et les risques naturels et industriels en Algérie : Inquiétudes actuelles et futures [Urbanisation and natural and industrial risks in Algeria: Current and future concerns]. S. r. CNES.

Cohen, B. (2006). Urbanization in developing countries: Current trends, future projections, and key challenges for sustainability. Technology in Society, 28(1), 63-80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2005.10.005

Congalton, R. G. (1991). A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 37(1), 35-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/0034-4257(91)90048-B

Congalton, R. G., & Green, K. (2008). Assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data: principles and practices. CRC press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420055139

Congedo, L. (2016). Semi-automatic classification plugin documentation. Release, 6(0.1). https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.29474.02242/1

Côte, M. (2012). Signatures sahariennes: terroirs & territoires vus du ciel [Saharan signatures: terroirs & territories seen from the sky]. AMU: Presses universitaires de Provence.

Dechaicha, A., & Alkama, D. (2020a). A spatio-temporal cartography and landscape metrics of urbanization patterns in algerian low-sahara. the case of ouargla city. Journal of Fundamental and Applied Sciences, 12(3), 1235-1252. https://wsjp.info/index.php/JFAS/article/view/840

Dechaicha, A., & Alkama, D. (2020b). DÉTECTION DU CHANGEMENT DE L’ÉTALEMENT URBAIN AU BAS-SAHARA ALGÉRIEN: APPORT DE LA TÉLÉDÉTECTION SPATIALE ET DES SIG. CAS DE LA VILLE DE BISKRA (ALGÉRIE) [Change Detection of urban sprawl in the Algerian Low-Sahara: contribution of spatial remote sensing and GIS. Case of the city of Biskra (Algeria)]. Revue Française de Photogrammétrie et de Télédétection RFPT(222), 43-51. https://doi.org/10.52638/rfpt.2020.486

Elmqvist, T., Fragkias, M., Goodness, J., Güneralp, B., Marcotullio, P. J., McDonald, R. I., Parnell, S., Schewenius, M., Sendstad, M., & Seto, K. C. (2013). Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities: a global assessment. Springer Nature. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1

Gao, F., Masek, J. G., & Wolfe, R. E. (2009). Automated registration and orthorectification package for Landsat and Landsat-like data processing. Journal of Applied Remote Sensing, 3(1), 033515. https://doi.org/10.1117/1.3104620

Güneralp, B., Lwasa, S., Masundire, H., Parnell, S., & Seto, K. C. (2017). Urbanization in Africa: challenges and opportunities for conservation. Environmental research letters, 13(1), 015002. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/aa94fe

Herold, M., Couclelis, H., & Clarke, K. C. (2005). The role of spatial metrics in the analysis and modeling of urban land use change. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 29(4), 369-399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compenvurbsys.2003.12.001

Kadhim, N., Mourshed, M., & Bray, M. (2016). Advances in remote sensing applications for urban sustainability. Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration, 1(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41207-016-0007-4

Kouzmine, Y. (2012). Le Sahara algérien. Intégration nationale et développement régional [The Algerian Sahara. National integration and regional development]. Paris: L'Harmattan.

Landis, J. R., & Koch, G. G. (1977). The Measurement of Observer Agreement for Categorical Data. Biometrics, 33(1), 159-174. https://doi.org/10.2307/2529310

Liu, T., & Yang, X. (2015). Monitoring land changes in an urban area using satellite imagery, GIS and landscape metrics. Applied Geography, 56, 42-54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apgeog.2014.10.002

Lu, D., & Weng, Q. (2007). A survey of image classification methods and techniques for improving classification performance. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 28(5), 823-870. https://doi.org/10.1080/01431160600746456

Maachou, H. M., Belouadi, L., & Trache, S. M. (2018). Difficultés d’intégration d’un quartier spontané dans une ville saharienne: le cas de Bni Ouskout à Adrar [Difficulty of integrating an informal neighbourhood in a Saharian town: the case of Bni Ouskout in Adrar]. Les Cahiers d’EMAM(30). https://doi.org/10.4000/emam.1460

Mather, P., & Tso, B. (2016). Classification Methods for Remotely Sensed Data. CRC Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781420090741

McGarigal, K., Cushman, S. A., & Ene, E. (2012). FRAGSTATS v4: spatial pattern analysis program for categorical and continuous maps. Computer software program produced by the authors at the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Munafò, M., & Congedo, L. (2017). Measuring and monitoring land cover: Methodologies and data available. In C. Gardi (Ed.), Urban Expansion, Land Cover and Soil Ecosystem Services (pp. 19-32). London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315715674-2

Neel, M. C., McGarigal, K., & Cushman, S. A. (2004). Behavior of class-level landscape metrics across gradients of class aggregation and area. Landscape Ecology, 19(4), 435-455. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:LAND.0000030521.19856.cb

Netzband, M., Stefanov, W. L., & Redman, C. (2007). Remote Sensing as a Tool for Urban Planning and Sustainability. In M. Netzband, W. L. Stefanov, & C. Redman (Eds.), Applied Remote Sensing for Urban Planning, Governance and Sustainability. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-68009-3_1

O'Neill, R. V., Krummel, J. R., Gardner, R. H., Sugihara, G., Jackson, B., DeAngelis, D. L., Milne, B. T., Turner, M. G., Zygmunt, B., Christensen, S. W., Dale, V. H., & Graham, R. L. (1988). Indices of landscape pattern. Landscape Ecology, 1(3), 153-162. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00162741

Phiri, D., & Morgenroth, J. (2017). Developments in Landsat Land Cover Classification Methods: A Review. Remote Sensing, 9(9), 967. https://doi.org/10.3390/rs9090967

Sidi Boumedine, R. (2013). L’urbanisme en Algérie, échec des instruments ou instruments de l’échec [The Urbanism in Algeria, failure of instruments or instruments of failure]. Algiers: Les alternatives urbaines.

Tempfli, K., Kerle, N., Janssen, L. L. F., & Huurneman, G. C. (Eds.). (2004). Principles of remote sensing: an introductory textbook. ITC.

Trache, S. M. (2011). Adrar, des ksour à la grande ville Adrar [from ksour to town]. Insaniyat Revue Algérienne d’anthropologie et de Sciences Sociales(51-52), 149-163. https://doi.org/10.4000/insaniyat.12633

Tucker, C. J., Grant, D. M., & Dykstra, J. D. (2004). NASA’s global orthorectified Landsat data set. Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing, 70(3), 313-322. https://doi.org/10.14358/PERS.70.3.313

UN. (2018). The World’s Cities in 2018—Data Booklet. United Nations/ST/ESA/SER.A/417.

Wu, J., He, C., Huang, G., & Yu, D. (2013). Urban landscape ecology: Past, present, and future. In B. Fu & K. B. Jones (Eds.), Landscape ecology for sustainable environment and culture (pp. 37-53). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6530-6_3

Published

2021-07-12

How to Cite

Dechaicha, A., Daikh, A., & Alkama, D. (2021). Monitoring and Landscape Quantification of Uncontrolled Urbanisation in Oasis Regions: The Case of Adrar City in Algeria. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 5(2), 209–219. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2021.v5n2-5