Disaster Vulnerability Assessment of Low-Cost Houses in Java Island





Low-Cost Housing, Disaster Vulnerability, Natural Hazards, Resilience Design, Java Island


Among all of the Indonesian islands, Java poses the highest risk for all types of disasters, making it a significant threat to low-cost houses due to its high population vulnerability. The objective is to enhance comprehension of it by conducting a building typology analysis concerning various natural hazards/ risks. The methodology consists of 10 sample houses field observation, AutoCAD drawing, literature analysis, and built environment expert interviews. The results developed four categories of houses emphasising brick or timber walls with a combination of clay tile or zinc roofs. Related to disaster vulnerability, an improper building structure is the main problem. Smooth roof material is significant in a volcano eruption, a complete interconnection of structure is a must for the tornado, light materials are preferable in an earthquake zone, natural material is not recommended for high risk of forest fire, and elevating floor is mandatory in flooding. Focus on designing the four categories’ houses and quality control of the construction process are two strategies recommended. Also, a minimum of two types of disasters in the area should be considered in the design. Resilient low-cost houses will have an impact on reducing casualties, environmental damage, and economic losses. Covering more samples and areas in Java in future studies will provide a comprehensive understanding of low-cost houses.


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Author Biographies

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Aulina Adamy, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Muhammadiyah Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

Dr. Aulina Adamy, ST., MSc., IPM is a senior lecturer at the University of Muhammadiyah Aceh (UNMUHA) in architecture and civil engineering department. Her research experience started while working as research assistant at the University of Science of Malaysia (USM) for more than three years after finishing her PhD in Project Management by fellowship in the same university. Professionally, she has worked in national agencies and international organizations such as the UNDP, American Red Cross, ANFREL in the field of project management, disaster reconstruction, and evaluation monitoring in several countries. Her research focus on disaster resilient of public facilities such as hospital building and in the last few years an on going research

supported by the Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education, Republic of Indonesia for developing vulnerability index for low-cost houses in Indonesia.

S.T., M.Eng Meillyta Meillyta, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Muhammadiyah Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

Ir. Meillyta ST., M.Eng., IPM is a senior lecturer at the University of Muhammadiyah Aceh (UNMUHA) in Civil Engineering Department. She was awarded her master's degree in Advanced Civil and Structural Engineering from The University of Adelaide in 2011. Her research has focused on material and structural engineering in the last few years. She also worked as an engineer for the government and NGO on disaster rehabilitation and reconstruction programs at the beginning of her career.

S. Ars, M. Ars Lisa Maharani, University of Syiah Kuala

Lisa Maharani S.Ars, M.Ars. is a recent graduate with an architecture degree. She obtained a Bachelor of Architecture (S.Ars.) from the Architecture Program of Universitas Syiah Kuala (USK) in 2022 and a Master of Architecture (M.Ars.) in Theory and History of Architecture from the Architecture Program at the same university in 2023. Her research experience such as research assistant, enumerator and assistant lecturer. Her research interests are Theory and History of Architecture, Architectural Conservation and Colonial Architecture.

S.T., M.A Faiza Aidina, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Muhammadiyah Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

Faiza Aidina S.T., M.A is a lecturer at the University of Muhammadiyah Aceh (UNMUHA) in the Architecture Department, Faculty of Engineering. She earned a Master of Arts (M.A.) degree after graduating from The Architecture Department at Hochschule Anhalt in Dessau, Germany. She started to work at UNMUHA and her research experience has been ever since. Her research interest is in urban architecture and how architectural design can influence the quality of life in an urban context.

S.T., M.T Qurratul Aini, Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, University of Muhammadiyah Aceh, Aceh, Indonesia

Qurratul Aini S.T., M.T., is one of the lecturers in the Architecture Program at the University of Muhammadiyah Aceh (UNMUHA). Her research experience began after completing her master's studies in the Urban Planning and Design Program at the Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember (ITS) in Surabaya, East Java. Her research focuses on environmental architecture, involving analyses of both buildings and urban settlements. In terms of organizations, she is a member of the Aceh Heritage Community, an organization dedicated to the history and cultural heritage of Aceh's architecture, specifically in the areas of cultural heritage identification and research.


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How to Cite

Adamy, A., Meillyta, M., Maharani, L., Aidina, F., & Aini, Q. (2023). Disaster Vulnerability Assessment of Low-Cost Houses in Java Island. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 7(2), 20–37. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2023.v7n2-2



Resilience and Built Environment