CrossCheck Plagiarism Screening System

Papers submitted to the Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs will be screened for plagiarism using iThenticate plagiarism detection tools. The Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs will immediately reject papers evidencing plagiarism or self-plagiarism.

What is plagiarism?

Plagiarism is the use of published and unpublished ideas or words (or other intellectual property) of others, without attribution or permission, and presenting them as new and original, rather than derived from an existing source. The intent and effect of plagiarism is to mislead the reader as to the contributions of the plagiarizer. This applies whether the ideas or words are taken from abstracts, research grant applications, Institutional Review Board applications, or unpublished or published manuscripts in any publication format. Plagiarism is scientific misconduct and should be addressed as such.

Self-plagiarism refers to the practice of an author using portions of their previous writings on the same topic in another of their publications, without specifically citing it formally in quotes. This practise is widespread and sometimes unintentional, as there are only so many ways to say the same thing in varying contexts,  particularly when compiling the methods section of an article. Although this usually violates the copyright that has been assigned to the publisher, there is no consensus as to whether this is a form of scientific misconduct, or how many of one's own words one can use  before it is truly "plagiarism." Probably for this reason self-plagiarism is not regarded in the same light as the plagiarism of ideas and words of other individuals. If journals have developed a policy on this matter, it should be clearly stated to the authors.

Direct plagiarism is the plagiarism of a text. Mosaic plagiarism is the borrowing of ideas and opinions from an original source and a few verbatim words or phrases, without crediting the author. 

Authors must adhere to the following steps to report any evidence of plagiarism: 

  1. Inform the editor of the journal where a plagiarized article is published.
  2. Send the original and plagiarized articles with the plagiarized part highlighted.
  3. If the evidence of plagiarism is convincing, the editor should arrange for a disciplinary meeting.
  4. The plagiarist should be asked to provide an explanation.
  5. In the case of non-response within the stipulated time frame or of an unsatisfactory explanation, the article should be permanently retracted.
  6. The author should be blacklisted and debarred for submitting any articles to a particular journal for at least 5 years.
  7. The concerned head of the institution must be notified.

The author bears the responsibility for checking whether the material submitted is subject to copyright or ownership rights, e.g., figures, tables, photographs, illustrations, trade literature and data. The author will need to obtain permission to reproduce any such items and include these permissions with their final submission. Where use is so restricted, the editorial office and Publisher must be informed with the final submission of the material. The author should add any necessary acknowledgements to the typescript, preferably in the form of an acknowledgements section at the end of the paper. The author should credit the source and copyright of photographs, figures, illustrations etc. in the supplementary captions.

Adapted from: Bella H. Plagiarism. Saudi J Med Sci 2014; 2:127

Note:  If plagiarism is discovered in a paper that has already been published by the journal, it will be retracted in accordance with the procedure described under the Retraction policy.