Oeuvre vs. Abstract Space: Appropriation of Gezi Park in Istanbul
Keywords:Gezi Park, Collective architecture, Right to the city, Oeuvre, Appropriation
The Gezi Park incidents of summer 2013 in Istanbul have marked a turning point in the political life and democracy in Turkey. The peaceful environmentalist protestations in central Gezi Park have turned into a countrywide upheaval against the neo-liberal and conservative policies of the government, pouring millions of people into streets in different cities. It was a time that Turkey witnessed the formation of a new type of public sphere that encompasses a variety of counter publics, and its spatial incarnation –the Gezi Commune-, reclaimed, created, shaped and inhabited by the free will of people. This was the instant creation of oeuvre through the appropriation of the urban space, and a spatial manifestation of reclaiming the right to the city. This article is a reflection on the possibility of creation of oeuvre in contemporary society, and a new way of architectural thinking and practice that can pave the way for it.
Akin, N. (2011). 19. Yüzyilin İkinci Yarisinda Galatave Pera . İstanbul: Literatür.
Altay, C. (2013, June 14). Here We Are: The Imagination of Public Space in Gezi Park. Retrieved May 04, 2015, from http://creativetimereports.org/2013/06/14/here-we-are-the-imagination-of-public-space-in-gezi-park/
Avci, A. (2013, December 30). “Ütopya Açliği” Olarak Gezi’nin Mizahi. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.e-skop.com/skopbulten/%E2%80%9Cutopya-acligi%E2%80%9D-olarak-gezinin-mizahi/1719
Bayhan, B. (2012, February 28). Peyzaj Mimarlari Odasi Istanbul Şubesi'nin Taksim Projesi Üzerine Görüşü. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.arkitera.com/haber/6939/tmmob-peyzaj-mimarlari-odasi-istanbul-subesinin-taksim-meydani-ve-taksim-gezi-parki-projesi-ve-plan-kararlari-hakkindaki-gorusu-
Bulut, E. (2013, June 07). In Gezi Park There is Free Food, Medical Care, a Kids Area and a Library. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.redpepper.org.uk/in-gezi-park/
Çetin, M. (2013). Piyonla Şah-Mat Münkün mü? Neo-Liberalist Küresel Mekan Stratejisi Karşisinda Direncin Mekansal Ölçeği Olarak Beden. TMMOB Mimarlar Odasi Ankara Şubesi Dosya 32, 6-11.
Council Decisions. (2011, September 16). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.ibb.gov.tr/tr-TR/Pages/MeclisKarari.aspx?KararID=22527
Demirkan, Ö. (2011, June 01). Bir Çilgin Proje de Taksim'e. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.gazetevatan.com/bir-cilgin-proje-de-taksim-e-380949-gundem/
Evans, G. (2003). Hard-Branding the Cultural City: From Prado to Prada. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , 417-440. doi:10.1111/1468-2427.00455
Giddens, A. (1999). Runaway World. London: Profile Books.
Goodwin, M. (1993). The City as a Commodity: The Contested Spaces of Urban Development. In G. Kearns, & C. Philo, Selling Places: The City as Cultural Capiatl, Past and Present (pp. 145-162). Oxford: Pergamon Press.
Gottdiener, M. (1993). A Marx for Our Time: Henri Lefebvre and The Production of Space. Sociological Theory, 129-134.
Günay, Z. (2013). Renewal Agenda in Istanbul: Urbanisation vs. Urbicide. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.isocarp.net/Data/case_studies/2317.pdf
Harvey, D. (1989). From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism. From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The TransfGeografiska Annaler, Series B, Human Geography , 3-17.
Harvey, D. (2008). The Right to the City. New Left Review, 23-40.
Her Yer Taksim Her Yer Direniş. (2013, June 02). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.evrensel.net/haber/58445/her-yer-taksim-her-yer-direnis
Historical Atlas of Gezi Park. (2013, June 27). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://postvirtual.wordpress.com/2013/06/27/historical-atlas-of-gezi-park/
İslam, T., & Enlil, Z. (2010). 5366 Sayili Yasa Merkezli Dönüşüm Ve Sulukule Örneği: Belediye’nin Hedefleri Ve Yaşanan Gerçeklik. In D. Özdemir, Kentsel Dönüşümde Politika, Mevzuat, Uygulama: Avrupa Deneyimi, İstanbul Uygulamalari. Ankara: Nobel.
Istanbul Greater Municipality. (n.d.). [Şehir Haritasi]. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://sehirharitasi.ibb.gov.tr/
Keyder, Ç. (2000). Arka Plan. In Ç. Keyder, İstanbul: Küresel ile Yerel Arasinda (pp. 9-40). İstanbul: Metis Yayinlari.
Keyder, Ç., & Öncü, A. (1994). Globalization of a Third-World Metropolis: İstanbul in the 1980s. Review, 383-421.
Kuban, D. (2010). İstanbul Bir Kent Tarihi. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankasi Kültür Yayinlari.
Lefebvre, H. (1968). Le Droit a La Ville. Paris: Editions Anthropos.
Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Cambridge Massachusetts : Blackwell Publication.
Öktem, B. (2011, Mart). İstanbul'da Neolliberal Kentleşme Modelinin Sosyo-Mekansal İzdüşümleri. İ.Ü. Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Dergisi, 44, 23-40.
Özkarkal, M. Z. (2012, February 27). Taksim Projesi Mimarlari Böldü. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.milliyet.com.tr/taksim-projesi-mimarlari-boldu-gundem-1508065/
Özlüer, F. (2013, June 22). Yerel Yönetimler, Doğrudan Demokrasi Yönüyle Park Forumlari . Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.yenicag.com.cy/yenicag/2013/06/yerel-yonetimler-dogrudan-demokrasi-yonuyle-park-forumlari-fevzi-ozluer/
Paddison, R. (1993). City Marketing, Image Reconstruction and Urban Regeneration. Urban Studies, 339-350.
Post Modern Protesto Gezi Parki Olaylari. (2013, July). Retrieved May 04, 2015, from http://www.siyasetdergisi.com.tr/Haber/POSTMODERN-PROTESTO-GEZI-PARKI-OLAYLARI/542
Purcell, M. (2003). Citizenship and the Right to the Global City: Reimagining the Capitalist World Order. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 564-590.
Roberts, P. (2003). The Evolution, Definition and purpose of Urban Regeneration. In P. Roberts, & H. Sykes, Urban Regeneration a Handbook (pp. 9-36). London: Sage.
Robins, K., & Aksoy, A. (1995). Istanbul Rising: Returning the Repressed to Urban Culture. European Urban and Regional Studies, 223-235.
Sadri, H., & Zeybekoğlu Sadri, S. (2012). The Right to Appropriation: Spatial Rights and the Use of Space. Tirana Architecture Week Re-appropriation of the City (pp. 92-93). Tirana: Botime Afrojdit.
Sassen, S. (1998). Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. New York: New Press.
Sadri, S. Z. (2017). The Scale of Public Space: Taksim Square in Istanbul. Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA), 1(1), 67-75. Doi: 10.25034/1761.1(1)67-75
Sönmez, M. (1996). İstanbul'un İki Yüzü: 1980'den 2000'e Değişim. Ankara: Arkadaş Yayinevi.
Taksim Dayanişmasi Güncesi. (2015, November 23). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.mimarist.org/taksim-gezi-parki-guncesi.html
Taksim Meydani Çevre Düzenleme İnşaati. (2015, October 10). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://ibbqr.ibb.gov.tr/taksim-meydani-cevre-duzenleme-insaati/#fotolar
Taksim'e Cami de Yapacağiz. (2013, June 02). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.haberturk.com/gundem/haber/849452-taksime-cami-de-yapacagiz-chpye-ve-birkac-capulcuya-soracak-degiliz
Türkkan, S. (2013, July/August). Öyle Değil Böyle Açilim. XXI, p. 29.
Van Kempen, R., & Marcuse, P. (1997). A New Spatial Order in Cities. American Behavioral Scientist, 285-298.
Yalçintan, M. C., Çalişkan, Ç. O., Çilgin, K., & Dündar, U. (2014). İstanbul Dönüşüm Coğrafyasi. In C. Özbay, & A. Bartu Candan, Yeni İstanbul Çalişmalari Sinirlar, Mücadeleler, Açilimlar. İstanbul: Metis Yayincilik.
Yapi Haberleri. (2012, February 22). Taksim Meydan Düzenlemesi. [Video File] Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ro52Ms9Kyc
Zileli, Z. (2013, June 13). Why Turks are Good at Protesting. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/06/201361113388747184.html
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.