Oeuvre vs. Abstract Space: Appropriation of Gezi Park in Istanbul

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2017.3643

Keywords:

Gezi Park, Collective architecture, Right to the city, Oeuvre, Appropriation

Abstract

The Gezi Park incidents of summer 2013 in Istanbul have marked a turning point in the political life and democracy in Turkey. The peaceful environmentalist protestations in central Gezi Park have turned into a countrywide upheaval against the neo-liberal and conservative policies of the government, pouring millions of people into streets in different cities. It was a time that Turkey witnessed the formation of a new type of public sphere that encompasses a variety of counter publics, and its spatial incarnation –the Gezi Commune-, reclaimed, created, shaped and inhabited by the free will of people. This was the instant creation of oeuvre through the appropriation of the urban space, and a spatial manifestation of reclaiming the right to the city. This article is a reflection on the possibility of creation of oeuvre in contemporary society, and a new way of architectural thinking and practice that can pave the way for it.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

References

Akin, N. (2011). 19. Yüzyilin İkinci Yarisinda Galatave Pera . İstanbul: Literatür.

Altay, C. (2013, June 14). Here We Are: The Imagination of Public Space in Gezi Park. Retrieved May 04, 2015, from http://creativetimereports.org/2013/06/14/here-we-are-the-imagination-of-public-space-in-gezi-park/

Avci, A. (2013, December 30). “Ütopya Açliği” Olarak Gezi’nin Mizahi. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.e-skop.com/skopbulten/%E2%80%9Cutopya-acligi%E2%80%9D-olarak-gezinin-mizahi/1719

Bayhan, B. (2012, February 28). Peyzaj Mimarlari Odasi Istanbul Şubesi'nin Taksim Projesi Üzerine Görüşü. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.arkitera.com/haber/6939/tmmob-peyzaj-mimarlari-odasi-istanbul-subesinin-taksim-meydani-ve-taksim-gezi-parki-projesi-ve-plan-kararlari-hakkindaki-gorusu-

Bulut, E. (2013, June 07). In Gezi Park There is Free Food, Medical Care, a Kids Area and a Library. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.redpepper.org.uk/in-gezi-park/

Çetin, M. (2013). Piyonla Şah-Mat Münkün mü? Neo-Liberalist Küresel Mekan Stratejisi Karşisinda Direncin Mekansal Ölçeği Olarak Beden. TMMOB Mimarlar Odasi Ankara Şubesi Dosya 32, 6-11.

Council Decisions. (2011, September 16). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.ibb.gov.tr/tr-TR/Pages/MeclisKarari.aspx?KararID=22527

Demirkan, Ö. (2011, June 01). Bir Çilgin Proje de Taksim'e. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.gazetevatan.com/bir-cilgin-proje-de-taksim-e-380949-gundem/

Evans, G. (2003). Hard-Branding the Cultural City: From Prado to Prada. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research , 417-440. doi:10.1111/1468-2427.00455

Giddens, A. (1999). Runaway World. London: Profile Books.

Goodwin, M. (1993). The City as a Commodity: The Contested Spaces of Urban Development. In G. Kearns, & C. Philo, Selling Places: The City as Cultural Capiatl, Past and Present (pp. 145-162). Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Gottdiener, M. (1993). A Marx for Our Time: Henri Lefebvre and The Production of Space. Sociological Theory, 129-134.

Günay, Z. (2013). Renewal Agenda in Istanbul: Urbanisation vs. Urbicide. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.isocarp.net/Data/case_studies/2317.pdf

Harvey, D. (1989). From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism. From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The TransfGeografiska Annaler, Series B, Human Geography , 3-17.

Harvey, D. (2008). The Right to the City. New Left Review, 23-40.

Her Yer Taksim Her Yer Direniş. (2013, June 02). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.evrensel.net/haber/58445/her-yer-taksim-her-yer-direnis

Historical Atlas of Gezi Park. (2013, June 27). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://postvirtual.wordpress.com/2013/06/27/historical-atlas-of-gezi-park/

İslam, T., & Enlil, Z. (2010). 5366 Sayili Yasa Merkezli Dönüşüm Ve Sulukule Örneği: Belediye’nin Hedefleri Ve Yaşanan Gerçeklik. In D. Özdemir, Kentsel Dönüşümde Politika, Mevzuat, Uygulama: Avrupa Deneyimi, İstanbul Uygulamalari. Ankara: Nobel.

Istanbul Greater Municipality. (n.d.). [Şehir Haritasi]. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://sehirharitasi.ibb.gov.tr/

Keyder, Ç. (2000). Arka Plan. In Ç. Keyder, İstanbul: Küresel ile Yerel Arasinda (pp. 9-40). İstanbul: Metis Yayinlari.

Keyder, Ç., & Öncü, A. (1994). Globalization of a Third-World Metropolis: İstanbul in the 1980s. Review, 383-421.

Kuban, D. (2010). İstanbul Bir Kent Tarihi. İstanbul: Türkiye İş Bankasi Kültür Yayinlari.

Lefebvre, H. (1968). Le Droit a La Ville. Paris: Editions Anthropos.

Lefebvre, H. (1991). The Production of Space. Cambridge Massachusetts : Blackwell Publication.

Öktem, B. (2011, Mart). İstanbul'da Neolliberal Kentleşme Modelinin Sosyo-Mekansal İzdüşümleri. İ.Ü. Siyasal Bilgiler Fakültesi Dergisi, 44, 23-40.

Özkarkal, M. Z. (2012, February 27). Taksim Projesi Mimarlari Böldü. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.milliyet.com.tr/taksim-projesi-mimarlari-boldu-gundem-1508065/

Özlüer, F. (2013, June 22). Yerel Yönetimler, Doğrudan Demokrasi Yönüyle Park Forumlari . Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.yenicag.com.cy/yenicag/2013/06/yerel-yonetimler-dogrudan-demokrasi-yonuyle-park-forumlari-fevzi-ozluer/

Paddison, R. (1993). City Marketing, Image Reconstruction and Urban Regeneration. Urban Studies, 339-350.

Post Modern Protesto Gezi Parki Olaylari. (2013, July). Retrieved May 04, 2015, from http://www.siyasetdergisi.com.tr/Haber/POSTMODERN-PROTESTO-GEZI-PARKI-OLAYLARI/542

Purcell, M. (2003). Citizenship and the Right to the Global City: Reimagining the Capitalist World Order. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 564-590.

Roberts, P. (2003). The Evolution, Definition and purpose of Urban Regeneration. In P. Roberts, & H. Sykes, Urban Regeneration a Handbook (pp. 9-36). London: Sage.

Robins, K., & Aksoy, A. (1995). Istanbul Rising: Returning the Repressed to Urban Culture. European Urban and Regional Studies, 223-235.

Sadri, H., & Zeybekoğlu Sadri, S. (2012). The Right to Appropriation: Spatial Rights and the Use of Space. Tirana Architecture Week Re-appropriation of the City (pp. 92-93). Tirana: Botime Afrojdit.

Sassen, S. (1998). Globalization and its Discontents: Essays on the New Mobility of People and Money. New York: New Press.

Sadri, S. Z. (2017). The Scale of Public Space: Taksim Square in Istanbul. Contemporary Urban Affairs (JCUA), 1(1), 67-75. Doi: 10.25034/1761.1(1)67-75

Sönmez, M. (1996). İstanbul'un İki Yüzü: 1980'den 2000'e Değişim. Ankara: Arkadaş Yayinevi.

Taksim Dayanişmasi Güncesi. (2015, November 23). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.mimarist.org/taksim-gezi-parki-guncesi.html

Taksim Meydani Çevre Düzenleme İnşaati. (2015, October 10). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://ibbqr.ibb.gov.tr/taksim-meydani-cevre-duzenleme-insaati/#fotolar

Taksim'e Cami de Yapacağiz. (2013, June 02). Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.haberturk.com/gundem/haber/849452-taksime-cami-de-yapacagiz-chpye-ve-birkac-capulcuya-soracak-degiliz

Türkkan, S. (2013, July/August). Öyle Değil Böyle Açilim. XXI, p. 29.

Van Kempen, R., & Marcuse, P. (1997). A New Spatial Order in Cities. American Behavioral Scientist, 285-298.

Yalçintan, M. C., Çalişkan, Ç. O., Çilgin, K., & Dündar, U. (2014). İstanbul Dönüşüm Coğrafyasi. In C. Özbay, & A. Bartu Candan, Yeni İstanbul Çalişmalari Sinirlar, Mücadeleler, Açilimlar. İstanbul: Metis Yayincilik.

Yapi Haberleri. (2012, February 22). Taksim Meydan Düzenlemesi. [Video File] Retrieved April 05, 2017, from https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ro52Ms9Kyc

Zileli, Z. (2013, June 13). Why Turks are Good at Protesting. Retrieved April 05, 2017, from http://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/opinion/2013/06/201361113388747184.html

Downloads

Published

2017-12-01

How to Cite

Sadri, S. Z. (2017). Oeuvre vs. Abstract Space: Appropriation of Gezi Park in Istanbul. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 1(2), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2017.3643