Understanding Aesthetic Experiences of Architectural Students in Vertical and Horizontal Campuses A Comprehensive Approach

Main Article Content

Seda Bostancı, Assoc. Prof. Dr.
Suzan Girginkaya Akdağ, Asst. Prof. Dr.

Abstract

The typological features of university campus areas are shaped according to their locations in the city. Campuses in city centers carry great potentials for students’ cultural, intellectual and artistic activities, especially for those from faculty of architecture and design, with close relations to the city. The aim of this paper is to develop an approach for measuring architecture students’ aesthetic experience of vertical and horizontal campuses in relation to sense of place theory. Recently, emerging technologies in cognitive science, such as brain imaging techniques, activity maps, sensory maps, cognitive mapping and photo-projective method etc., have enabled advanced measurement of aesthetic experience. In this exploratory research, using ‘photo-projective method’, students will be asked to interpret and draw ‘cognitive maps’ of the places that they are happy to be (defined place) or to see (landscape) on the campus. Based on students’ impressions and experiences, it will be possible to compare aesthetic experience on vertical and horizontal campus. Thus, a comprehensive approach for improving campus design according to users’ aesthetic experiences and sense of place rather than building technology, law, development and finance driven obligations will be introduced.


Copyright © 2019 Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs. All rights reserved.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Metrics

Article Details

How to Cite
Bostancı, S., & Akdağ, S. G. (2019). Understanding Aesthetic Experiences of Architectural Students in Vertical and Horizontal Campuses: A Comprehensive Approach. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 4(2), 13-26. https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2020.v4n2-2
Section
Original Researches

References

Altman, I., Low, S. M. (1992). Place Attachment (Human Behavior and Environment), Springer. https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/Place_Attachment.html?id=18TQoAEACAAJ&redir_esc=y

Berlyne, D. E. (1974). The New Experimental Aesthetics. Steps Toward an Objective Psychology of Aesthetic Appreciation. Hemisphere, Oxford, England. https://psycnet.apa.org/record/1975-07344-000

Bergin, C., Bergin, D. (2009). Attachment in classroom. Educational Psychology Review, 21, 141-170. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10648-009-9104-0

Bradley, M. M., Lang, P. J. (1994). Measuring emotion: the self-assessment manikin and the semantic differential. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 25(1), 49-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7916(94)90063-9

Bostancı, S.H. (2019). Cognitive Studies in Urban Design, in New Approaches to Spatial Planning and Design, (ed. Özyavuz, M.), Peter Lang; Germany. https://doi.org/10.3726/b15609

Brehm J. M., Eisenhauer B. W, Stedma R. C. (2013). Environmental concern: examining the role of place meaning and place attachment, Society and Natural Resources, 26(5), 522-538. https://doi.org/10.1080/08941920.2012.715726

Carmona, M., Heath, T., Oc, T., & Tiesdell, S. (2003). Public Places Urban Spaces: The Dimensions of Urban Design, Architectural Press. https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/Public_Places_Urban_Spaces.html?id=GTQqshLjwCoC&redir_esc=y

Chow, K., Healey, M. (2008). Place attachment and place identity: first-year undergraduates making the transition from home to university. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 28, 362-372. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.02.011

Collier Jr., J., (1967). Visual Anthropology: Photography as a Research Method. Holt, Rinehart & Winston, New York. https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/Visual_Anthropology.html?id=fDn8CrH8gRoC&redir_esc=y

Dennis, S. F. Jr., Gaulocher, S., Carpiano, R. M., & Brown, D. (2009). Participatory photo mapping (PPM): Exploring an integrated method for health and place research with young people. Health & Place, 15(2), 466-473. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2008.08.004

Erçevik, B., Önal, F. (2011). Üniversite kampüs sistemlerinde sosyal mekân kullanımları. Megaron Journal, 6(3),151-161, E-ISSN 1309-6915 [Use of social space in university campus systems, Megaron Journal, 6(3),151-161] http://www.journalagent.com/megaron/pdfs/MEGARON_6_3_151_161.pdf

Garrod, B. (2008). Exploring place perception a photo-based analysis. Annals of Tourism Research, 35(2), 381-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2007.09.004

Groesbeck, C. L., DeVries, J. B., Klemencic, R., & McDonald, J. F. (2012). Role of tall buildings in future urban universities. Architecture+ Design, 29(9), 94. Accesed https://search.proquest.com/openview/3c59ac8607af7ad0859c29c4c4f168fa/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=586301

Jorgensen, B.S., Stedman, R. (2001). Sense of place as an attitude: lakeshore property owners’ attitudes toward their properties. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 21, 233–248. https://doi.org/10.1006/jevp.2001.0226

Kaplan, K. J. (1972). On the ambivalence-indifference problem in attitude theory and measurement: A suggested modification of the semantic differential technique. Psychological Bulletin, 77(5), 361-372. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0032590

Lloyd, R., Heivly, C. (1987). Systematic distortions in urban cognitive maps. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 77(2), 191-207. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-8306.1987.tb00153.x

Lynch, K., (1960). The Image of the City. MIT Press. ISBN: 978-0-262-12004-3, 978-0-262-62001-7. https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/The_Image_of_the_City.html?id=_phRPWsSpAgC&redir_esc=y

Manzo, L. C. (2005). For better or worse: exploring multiple dimensions of place meaning. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 25, 67-86. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2005.01.002

Masterson, V., Steadman R., Enqvist, J. P., Tengö, M., Giusti, M., Wahl, D. & Svedin, U. (2017). The contribution of sense of place to social-ecological systems research: a review and research agenda, Ecology and Society, 22(1), 49. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-08872-220149

Moore, G., Croxford, B., Adams, M., Refaee, M., Cox, T., & Sharples, S. (2008). The photo‐survey research method: capturing life in the city. Visual Studies, 23(1), 50-62. https://doi.org/10.1080/14725860801908536

Nia, H. A., Atun, R. A. (2016). Aesthetic design thinking model for urban environments: A survey based on a review of the literature. Urban Design International, 21(3), 195-212. https://doi.org/10.1057/udi.2015.25

Northcote, M. (2008). Sense of place in online learning environments. Hello! Where are you in the landscape of educational technology? Proceedings ascilite Melbourne, 676-684. http://www.ascilite.org/conferences/melbourne08/procs/northcote.pdf

Osterman, K. F. (2000). Students' need for belonging in the school community. Review of Educational Research, 70, 323–326. https://doi.org/10.3102/00346543070003323

Pringle, S., Guaralda, M. (2018). Images of urban happiness: A pilot study in the self-representation of happiness in urban spaces. The International Journal of the Image, 8(4), 97-122. https://doi.org/10.18848/2154-8560/CGP/v08i04/97-122

Proshansky, H. M. (1978). The city and self-identity. Environment and Behavior, 10(2), 147-169. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916578102002

Qingjiu, S., Maliki N.Z. (2013). Place attachment and place identity: undergraduate students’ place bonding on campus, PSU-USM International Conference on Humanities and Social Sciences, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 91, 632-639. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.463

Sargent, K. (2016). The Challenge And Promise Of The Vertical Campus, Work Design Magazine, Accessed https://workdesign.com/2016/01/the-challenge-and-promise-of-the-vertical-campus/

Stokols, D., Shumaker, S.A. (1981). People in places: A transactional view of settings. In Harvey, J.H. (Ed.). https://scinapse.io/papers/168227147

Sturner, W. F. (1972). Environmental code: Creating a sense of place on the college campus. The Journal of Higher Education, 43(2), 97-109.https://doi.org/10.1080/00221546.1972.11774936

Sugimoto, K. (2014). Visualizing the sightseeing potential of urban recreational spaces: A study of weighted scores on the density estimation of points of visual interest. Geographical Review of Japan Series B, 86(2), 189-197. https://doi.org/10.4157/geogrevjapanb.86.189

Tidball, K., R. Stedman. (2013). Positive dependency and virtuous cycles: from resource dependence to resilience in urban social-ecological systems. Ecological Economics, 86, 292-299. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2012.10.004

Tolman, E. C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55(4), 189-208. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0061626

Tuan, Y. F. (1977). Space and Place: The Perspective of Experience. University of Minnesota Press. https://books.google.com.tr/books/about/Space_and_Place.html?id=M9SLfxpkscgC&redir_esc=y

van Riel, K., Salama, A. M. (2019). Using auto-photography to explore young people's belonging and exclusion in urban spaces in Accra, Ghana. Open House International, 44(1), 62-70. ISSN 0168-2601. https://strathprints.strath.ac.uk/66841/

Yamashita, S. (2002). Perception and evaluation of water in landscape: use of photo-projective method to compare child and adult residents’ perceptions of a Japanese river environment, Landscape and Urban Planning, 62(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-2046(02)00093-2

Yükseköğretim İstatistikleri [Higher Education Statistics], https://istatistik.yok.gov.tr/, Access date: 15.4.2019.

Wójcik, M., Tobiasz-Lis, P. (2013). Evaluating and interpreting the city using a photo projective method: the example of Łódź, Geographia Polonica, 86(2), 137-152. https://doi.org/10.7163/GPol.2013.14

Abstract 420 | DOI https://doi.org/10.25034/ijcua.2020.v4n2-2