Integrating Wind Flow Analysis in Early Urban Design: Guidelines for Practitioners


  • Ph.D. Candidate Mathieu Paris Laboratoire Innovation Formes Architectures Milieux (LIFAM), Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France
  • Dr. Frédéric Dubois Laboratoire de Mécanique et Génie Civil (LMGC), Université de Montpellier, CNRS, 34090 Montpellier, France
  • Dr. Stéphane Bosc Laboratoire Innovation Formes Architectures Milieux (LIFAM), Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France
  • Prof. Dr. Philippe Devillers Laboratoire Innovation Formes Architectures Milieux (LIFAM), Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France



Architectural and Environmental Sustainability, Urban Morphology, Urban Design, Wind Flow, Outdoor Thermal Comfort, Mediterranean Climate


The research focused on simulating wind patterns in urban planning design offers substantial contributions to both the social and economic aspects of the urban planning and design field. To begin with, it addresses a critical factor in urban development, especially in Mediterranean climates, where natural ventilation significantly influences summer comfort. By incorporating predictive numerical simulations of urban wind patterns, this study provides valuable insights into improving outdoor thermal comfort within urban areas. This holds particular importance in the context of adapting to climate change, as it equips urban planners and architects with informed decision-making tools to create more sustainable and comfortable urban environments. Additionally, this research makes an economic contribution by presenting guidelines for iterative wind simulations in the early stages of designing medium-scale urban projects. Through the validation of a simulation workflow, it streamlines the design process, potentially reducing the time and resources required for urban planning and architectural design. This enhanced efficiency can result in cost savings during project development. Moreover, the study's recommendations concerning simulation parameters, such as wind tunnel cell size and refinement levels, offer practical insights for optimizing simulation processes, potentially lowering computational expenses and improving the overall economic viability of urban design projects. To summarize, this research effectively addresses climate-related challenges, benefiting both social well-being and economic efficiency in the field of urban planning and design, while also providing guidance for more efficient simulation-driven design procedures.


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How to Cite

Paris, M., Dubois, F., Bosc, S., & Devillers, P. (2023). Integrating Wind Flow Analysis in Early Urban Design: Guidelines for Practitioners. Journal of Contemporary Urban Affairs, 7(2), 194–211.



Resilience and Built Environment